21 Feb.
Hanging feet building Tujia hanging feet building hanging feet building construction installation Phoenix hanging feet building Guizhou hanging feet building

Hanging feet, also known as "hanging towers", are traditional residences of the Miao (Chongqing, Guizhou, etc.), Zhuang, Buyi, Dai, Shui, and Tujia nationalities. They are located in southeast Chongqing and northern Guizhou, western Hunan, western Hubei, and southeastern Guizhou. There are many hanging feet. Diaojiaolou is built by the mountains and the river, and it is in the shape of a tiger. The best house is "Left Qinglong, Right White Tiger, Front Suzaku, and Back Xuanwu". Later, it focused on the orientation, either sitting west to east or sitting east to west. Stilt building is a dry-fence building, but it is different from the dry fence generally referred to. The dry fence should all be suspended, so the hanging foot building is called a semi-dry fence building. The most basic feature of the architectural feature is that the main house is built on the ground. Except for one side of the box house, which is connected to the main house on the ground, the other three sides are suspended and supported by pillars. There are many benefits to hanging feet. The high hanging ground is not only ventilated and dry, but also can be used to prevent poisonous snakes and beasts, and debris can be placed under the floor. The hanging foothouse also has distinctive national characteristics. The elegant "silk eaves" and generous "walking rails" make the hanging foothouse a unique style. This type of hanging foothouse is more successful than the "railing" in getting rid of the originality and has a higher cultural level. It is called the "living fossil" of Bachu Culture. Save land and make it cheaper; the upper floor is ventilated, dry, and moisture-proof, and it is the living room; the lower floor is used to close livestock or to store debris. The size of the house is generally a 4-row fan with 3 houses or a 6-row fan with 5 houses. The medium-sized family has 5 pillars, 2 rides, and 5 pillars and 4 rides. The large households have 7 pillars and 4 rides, and the courtyard courtyard. Those with 4 rows of fans and 3 houses, the hall is in the middle, and the left and right sides are called Rao Jian for living and cooking. Rao Jian is divided into two halves with the central pillar as the boundary, with the front part as a fire salamander and the back part as a bedroom. There is a curved gallery on the hanging floor, which is also equipped with railings. Some hanging feet are three-story buildings, with the exception of roof tiling, all of which are made of fir. The pillars of the house are chiseled with large firs, and the firs of different sizes are slung straight through the straight sleeves, although they are very strong without an iron nail. There are hanging towers around the house, and the eaves of the eaves are turning like wings. The four walls of the house were slotted and paved with fir boards, and the inside and outside were coated with tung oil, which was clean and bright. The ground floor is not suitable for people. It is used for raising poultry, placing agricultural tools and heavy objects. The second floor is a place for eating and living, with bedrooms inside, and outsiders generally don't enter. Outside the bedroom is the hall, where there is a fire pond, where the family eats around the fire pond, which is spacious and convenient. Because it has windows, it is bright, well-lit and well-ventilated. Family members often do manual work and rest here, and it is also a place to receive guests. On the other side of the hall, there is a wide corridor connected to it. There is a half-height railing outside the corridor, and there is a large row of benches. The family often lives here to rest, and the mother dresses her daughter during the festival. The third floor is ventilated and dry, which is very spacious. In addition to being used outdoors, a small room is also provided for grain storage and storage.

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