25 Mar.
Common sense of brick gate
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Kunming brick gate is the main form of brick carving. The door is a sign of the entrance. It has the functions of fire prevention, theft prevention, and rain protection. It is widely used in residential houses. It can be divided into two types: door cover and gate building. The brick gate is a more common architectural design in ancient architecture. Its architectural style brings us a sense of the times. The following editors will take you to understand the common sense of the brick gate. In the brick gate, the door cover is shaped like a hanger. It is made of water-milled bricks on the door frame of the door. It is decorated with protruding legs and decorations. It is also made of a bucket arch. Covered with tile eaves, in addition to having a decorative effect, it also has the use value of directing the rainwater flowing down the wall to a distance. The decoration of the door cover is generally relatively simple. It is usually based on bas-relief and flat-relief. It is made of various auspicious patterns and floral patterns. It appeared earlier. The gatehouse is a form of archway, with eaves angled and raised above the walls on both sides, mostly used to show the wealth and status of the first owner. Therefore, the decoration of the gatehouse can be applied for. It can be simply made into a third floor, while the complicated one can be made into a fifth floor imitation wood structure. Sculpting is complicated and sophisticated, and it is not surprising to use deep relief, round carving, and open carving. Throughout the brick-carved gate tower, the plaque shape of the Ming Dynasty is shorter, which is 2: 1 compared to the left and right belly. The Qing Dynasty was longer: 3: 1 or 4: 1; rare birds, Ruicao, and Jiahua were often engraved in the pockets of the brick gates of the Ming dynasty, and characters of the Qing dynasty were carved, such as "Civil War Scholar", "Jinjing "A Trip to Beijing", "No. 1 Scholar Touring the Street", "Jin Yi Returning to Hometown", "Taping Up the North", "Kirin Sending Children" and other allusions are full of Confucianism and seeking for help; their quotas are also based on feudal etiquette. The four-character wake-up call, and the year number and so on; the difference between the weeping lotuses on both sides is the long in the Ming Dynasty and the short in the Qing Dynasty; Shikumen commonly used bluestone in the Ming Dynasty, and Jinshan stone in the Qing Dynasty; in addition, the Ming Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty In the middle of the gate building, there were sumi seats, but from the end of the Qing Dynasty to the Republic of China, this shape was omitted, and the legs were changed to wood. At the same time, the latch holes were also made of wood instead of stone. The brick gate of Suzhou is one of the representative works of "Southern Show" in the decoration of traditional houses in China. It makes full use of the allegorical and praying methods in China's traditional culture, and combines allegorical and ethical thoughts with traditional aesthetic consciousness. After hundreds of years of trials and hardships, it is still delicate and picturesque. In front of our eyes, it gives people a beautiful enjoyment!

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